The Energy Department's Fossil Energy organization is made up of about 750 federal employees—scientists, engineers, technicians, and administrative staff. Its headquarters offices are in downtown Washington, DC, and in Germantown, Maryland. The organization also includes the National Energy Technology Laboratory with offices in Morgantown, W. Va., Pittsburgh, PA, Sugar Land, TX, Albany, OR, and Anchorage, AK; and the Strategic Petroleum Reserve based in New Orleans, LA.
The Office of Fossil Energy is responsible for Federal research, development, and demonstration efforts on advanced power generation; power plant efficiency; water management; and carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies, as well as the development of technological solutions for the prudent and sustainable development of the country's unconventional oil and gas domestic resources. It also manages the nation's Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve, both key emergency response tools available to the President to protect Americans from energy supply disruptions.